Burkas and Bikinis on French Beaches

Burka or Bikini, Niqab or Naked, female freedom or oppression?

After dozens of French councils banned abaya swimwear or ‘burkinis‘ on the beach, some being fined for it, the courts overturned the bans but some of the councils said they would continue to ban burkas on the beach in the name of freedom and security. An Italian town mayor banned women in bikinis unless they were beautiful enough to wear them! Meanwhile, Glasgow, lacking a beach, decided to issue an appropriate dress code to councillors in the wake of the killing of MP Jo Cox to ensure their fashion sense didn’t “give rise to misunderstanding”.

nudity v modesty v empowerment
nudity v modesty, female empowerment?

Whether women cover up or uncover on the beach, who decides, who offends, how far do we go so as not to offend, and how far to assert our freedoms? And who is behind all these rules? Do we blame religion, men, fashion, advertising, celebrity, beauty, the sex industry?

Come and discuss at our monthly discussion group in the Norwich Library, Tuesday 6th, 6-7pm, optional Pizza Express after.

Some of the articles up for discussion are below:

French Freedom of Expression, Burkas Incompatible?

French PM suggests naked breasts represent France better than a headscarf
http://www.theguardian.com/world/2016/aug/30/france-manuel-valls-breasts-headscarf-burkini-ban-row

Topless Marianne remark by PM Manuel Valls stirs French row
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-europe-37219723

In France, the home of human rights, a grown woman asked my permission to sit on the beach
http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/2016/08/27/in-france-the-home-of-human-rights-a-grown-woman-asked-my-permis/

The Death of the Bikini?

The two-piece used to represent a saucy yet uncontroversial ideal of sex, summer and youth. Now its sales are tanking thanks to a combination of sun-avoidance, fitness, politics and, of course, fashion
http://www.theguardian.com/fashion/2016/aug/30/bikini-old-fashioned-dying-sex-summer-youth-sun-avoidance-fitness-politics-fashion

The Burkini Ban

Abaya Burkini Wetsuit French beach ban
Only one of these was banned on a French beach

Cannes bans burkinis over suspected link to radical Islamism
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-europe-37056742

 

Burkini ban: First French Muslim women fined for wearing garment on beach in Cannes
http://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/europe/burkini-ban-first-french-muslim-women-fined-wearing-beach-cannes-a7196466.html

French police make woman remove clothing on Nice beach following burkini ban
http://www.theguardian.com/world/2016/aug/24/french-police-make-woman-remove-burkini-on-nice-beach

France Corsica brawl: Mayor bans burkinis amid tensions
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-europe-37082637

Burkini ban suspended: UN backs court ruling as right-wing politicians pledge to keep ban
http://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/europe/burkini-ban-suspended-un-back-court-ruling-as-right-wing-politicians-pledge-to-keep-ban-a7212416.html

French mayors refuse to lift burkini ban despite court ruling
http://www.theguardian.com/world/2016/aug/28/french-mayors-burkini-ban-court-ruling

Opposition and Opinion on the Burkini Ban

Banning the burkini is misogynistic – and Western feminists are turning a blind eye
http://www.independent.co.uk/voices/burkini-cannes-islamophobia-banning-the-burkini-is-misogynistic-and-western-feminists-are-turning-a-a7188806.html

Only warped minds would impose a burkini ban
http://www.thetimes.co.uk/article/only-warped-minds-would-defend-a-burkini-ban-nj96z2rr5

Any ban on burkinis is “bizarre” and against the principle of women’s equality, the Dutch government said today while dismissing far-right calls for the Netherlands to copy French prohibition of the Islamist beachwear.
http://www.thetimes.co.uk/article/dutch-squash-call-to-join-burkini-ban-as-bizarre-hx6x359fz

Fashion Freedom?

“Burkini Ban” Law Restricts What French Muslim Women Can Wear at the Beach
http://www.glamour.com/story/law-restricts-what-french-muslim-women-can-wear-to-the-beach

Five reasons to wear a burkini – and not just to annoy the French
http://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2016/aug/15/five-reasons-wear-burkini-annoy-french-cannes-mayor-muslim

What Is The Difference Between A Burkini And A Scuba Diving Suit?
http://www.huffingtonpost.co.uk/sufiya-ahmed/burkini-hijab-beach-bikini_b_11587206.html

Muslim Views

The Quran doesn’t say wear hijab
https://mubarakahibrahim.wordpress.com/2011/12/12/episode-5-the-quran-doesnt-say-wear-hijab/

I created the burkini to give women freedom, not to take it away. The burkini does not symbolise Islam, it symbolises leisure and happiness and fitness and health. So who is better, the Taliban or French politicians?
http://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2016/aug/24/i-created-the-burkini-to-give-women-freedom-not-to-take-it-away

The Burkini-Bikini False Equivalence and Your Disproportionate Outrage
http://www.theexmuslim.com/2016/08/24/burkini-bikini-false-equivalence-disproportionate-outrage/

Over in Italy…

Once upon a time in the 90s, in Italy – No bikini for “ugly” women
http://jawawa.id/index.php/newsitem/no-bikini-for-ugly-women-1447893297

Meanwhile in Glasgow…

Councillors told to dress appropriately in safety guidance following killing of MP Jo Cox
http://www.eveningtimes.co.uk/news/14721234.Councillors_told_to_dress_appropriately_in_safety_guidance_following_killing_of_MP_Jo_Cox/

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